OECD – Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development is an international organisation that works to build better policies for better lives. Its goal is to shape policies that foster prosperity, equality, opportunity and well-being for all. The forerunner of the OECD was the Organization for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), which was formed to administer American and Canadian aid under the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II.
The convention transforming the OEEC into the OECD was signed at the Chateau de la Muette in Paris on 14 December 1960 and entered into force on 30 September 1961.
OECD unites 37 most economically developed countries - Chile, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Netherlands, Iceland, Israel, Ireland, Japan, South Korea, Canada, Colombia, Lithuania, Latvia, Luxembourg, Hungary, Mexico, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal , Austria, Slovakia, Slovenia, United Kingdom, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Italy, Turkey and the USA.
The Slovak Republic became a full member of the OECD on 14 December 2000 as 30th member. The affiliation of the Slovak Republic to the club of the most economically developed countries in the world represents not only economic and political prestige, but also offers the opportunity to engage in international cooperation. Slovakia's membership in the OECD has also helped in the transformation of the economy, but also other sectoral policies, and brought them closer to the EU standards. Slovakia cooperates with the OECD in many areas: from the evaluation of development cooperation, environmental performance, the creation of an in-depth overview of the energy sector, development in education and skills, etc., using the analytical capacity of this organization, its comprehensive data and comparative studies. In addition, the OECD is also a standard setter, especially in the field of sectoral policies.
These standards consequently have a direct impact on the EU legislation.